Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world. The lake straddles the border of Peru and Bolivia at 3800 meters above sea level.
A wonder of South America, Lake Titicaca is the result of eons of tectonic movement and volcanic violence. The lake is all that remains of what was once a massive inland sea that covered parts of modern-day Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Paraguay. Lake Titicaca features 87 distinct islands, the largest of which is Isla del Sol, the spiritual center of the Inca world.
The region around Lake Titicaca is a popular year-round destination. From September to March the weather is balmy and sunny. Warm rains make the countryside vibrant and green. From April to July, the winter months, the rains stop and the wind picks up. In the dry air, the snowcapped Andes Mountains on the horizon stand out in sharp contrast to the rich blues of the sky and lake.
Copacabana is a charming little town, one of Bolivia's most popular tourism destinations, with a dramatic location overlooking the endless expanse of blue waters of Lake Titicaca.
It is situated in a bay of the same name and flanked by two large hills, the Sekora and Calvary. For hundreds of years, Copacabana and Lake Titicaca have been important pilgrimage sites. The church of Copacabana receives thousands of pilgrims from across the region who demonstrate their faith with great religious pilgrimages, fantastic dances, beautiful costumes and visits each year.
Isla del Sol
Isla del Sol, or Sun Island, is the most popular tourist destination on the Bolivian side of Lake Titicaca. Sun Island is home to three indigenous communities and many ancient archaeological sites. Most visitors spend just a day on the island, although there are many charming guesthouses for longer stays.
Isla de la Luna
Isla de la Luna, or Moon Island, is a much smaller island located to the east of Sun Island and the peninsula of Copacabana. No more than 2 kilometers long, the island is inhabited by only a small number of people. Like Sun Island, the views from the Isla de la Luna are quite spectacular.
During the dictatorship of Bolivia, the island was used as a prison. Today, Moon Island boasts some of the region's best archeological ruins and spectacular vistas.